About My Book

Title of the Book

Subsidies in the US and the EU: Control or Free Provision?

Present Position

Iana Roginska-Green is the National Security Fellow at the R Street Institute in Washington D.C., a public policy research organization dedicated to the principles of individual liberty, limited government, free markets and peace.

Prior to moving to the United States, Iana worked for the number of European Union and USAID funded projects in Ukraine on harmonization of the legislation of Ukraine with EU standards in the fields of Competition law, State aid law, Public Procurement and Criminal Justice. While in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine her work was focused on the adaptation of the legislation of Ukraine to the EU standards and in the Policy Department of the European Parliament in Brussels she focused on the functioning of the EU Single Market and on improvement of the process of legal approximation in this area in Ukraine.

In 2008 she earned her summa cum laude master’s degree in International Law from the National Law Academy of Ukraine; Diploma in International Relations and European Integration from the Estonian School of Diplomacy in 2011; and graduated in 2012 with master’s degree from the Collège d’Europe (Belgium) with the major in European Single Market law. Her research interests include corporate welfare law and policy, State aid law, competition law, international business law, international development programs and projects.

Description of the Book that can be Used in a Scholarly or Scientific Journal

This book represents a historical, political and legal overview of the US and EU systems of provision of corporate subsidies and its control.
Differences, one might think, are easy to imagine, while similarities may not be as apparent. Over the last sixty years, the European project has developed a sophisticated legal regime for monitoring and control of corporate subsidies (legal term used ‘State aids’) whereas the United States has no systems that come close to any such organized effort.
But the lack of any regulatory framework in the United States cannot be explained by the absence of subsidies and corporate support in the economy. State aids or corporate subsidies are provided at every level – federal, State, and local. There are many historic and recent cases of the provision of such subsidies in the US and how they influenced the economy of the country. However, what still remains similar with the EU system is the effect on competition these state interventions have and the consequences for the final consumers and taxpayers.
It is unclear whether the United States will ever move in the direction that Europe has taken from a regulatory point of view. What is indisputable, however, is that the European experience provides a rich record of the many forms that State aids might take, how they affect competition at various levels of the market, and what kinds of remedial measures seem appropriate. In that sense, Americans might learn from the Europeans and try to develop this area of the law. The European experience offers many useful lessons for the rest of the world.
The overview and assessment of this book will be a good instrument for the US audience – from policymakers to academia – to see how both systems work and if there is a need and possibility for the US to apply the same regulatory regime.

For Whom the Book is Written

The book is aimed at a wide audience of those with an actual or potential interest in a single guidance publication on corporate state support law and policy in the US and EU – its history, overview, current situation, case examples and assessment. Thus, it is intended to be useful for US officials and for lawyers, officials and other practitioners and academia throughout the EU and the United States.
The primary market of the book: US practitioners and officials; academia; judiciary; legal consultancies.
The secondary market: officials, practitioners and academia from EU countries and Masters/LLM/PhD students.

Export Markets where the Book may be of Particular Interest

European Union: as the book is based on the best practices that exist there but also provides new information about the regulatory regime which exists in the United states and describes how it works there.

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Iana Roginska

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